When the offerer cannot know how many units might sell, and these have a definite lifetime the result is to lose them without being utilized. Markets of any size are well aware of it, and it happens in the same planet where multiple people need that food, even for keeping themselves or their families alive.
When the soil is subjected to intensive use, fertility decreases and it gives chance to chemical compounds trying to restore “business”. The taste varies and gets worse with those unnatural fertilizers so it's different from having access to quality products or a sad kind that doesn't have almost definite taste and looks like plastic.
Also, the user should expect a higher price when producers, markets or whatever related entity need to compensate for lost and charges more to clients.
In terms of energy optimization, the delivery chain isn't and there's too much involved work for handling extra quantities. Then, more trucks and hours of work in general.
Nothing good until here, but still the alimentary sector is one of the best in terms of revenue and security. Appropriate place to remember that they are exploiting a natural resource that was almost untouched in terms of overpopulation scenarios and industrial machines. Although the issue usually comes after an incorrect use of resources, without respecting natural regeneration cycles or interacting with them savagely.
There are some solutions to alimentary waste, but they could be resumed to one word: planning.
Today, the plan includes to waste million tons of edible food every day giving clients an aesthetically pleasant experience based on abundance and variety, claiming their appetency and convenience. A critical idea, profitable for a while, but scarcely wise. Nothing wonderful to be guilty of incorrectly exploiting without excuses a natural resource that is necessary for multiple species, for lucrative purposes.
A more rational plan thinking with future perspectives and humanity to new generations and other species would be establishing a closed cycle where no waste is produced because all of it has a reason for re-producing again. That's the Nature's style, and the best of course.
The supply and demand needs to be only planned demand when the resource is of major importance. Perhaps even newborns understand that without food resources, there's no chance for new generations to survive and no present development should charge on others' shoulders an incorrect use. There's also another method keeping offer and appetence as winner in the debate (almost securely a euphemism for sectoral revenue and private choice thought for exploiting without boundaries and assuming degenerative development) and that is establishing a collection chain in any supply location, where every expired product has a useful destination. It would be condemned to depend sometimes on stochastic quantities, and much more work, but for sure is better than today's normality. With the first option expiration might be avoided in a great percentage though.
A catalog and orders in advance, we are ready for it tomorrow morning.